Anti-Plagiarism Policy

All written work for this class must be your own individual work unless otherwise directed by lawyering faculty.  You may not collaborate on any writing due in this class unless expressly permitted by lawyering faculty.  Any paper that is not completely your own work will automatically fail, and the incident will be reported to the Dean for appropriate disciplinary action.

To refresh your memory, read the following dictionary definitions of plagiarism and the material about plagiarism quoted from a law review comment:

Plagiarize:  "To steal and use (the ideas or writings of another) as one's own."  (Emphasis supplied.)  "To appropriate passages or ideas from (another) and use them as one's own."  The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language 1001 (1969)

Plagiarism:  "The act of appropriating the literary composition of another, or parts or passages of his writing, or the ideas of language of the same and passing them off as the product of one's own mind.

To be liable for plagiarism it is not necessary to exactly duplicate another's literary work, it being sufficient if unfair use of such work is made by lifting of substantial portion thereof . . . . O'Rourke v. RKO Radio Picture, D.C. Mass., 44 F. Supp. 480, 482, 483."  Black's Law Dictionary 1035 (5th ed. 1979).

"At face value, these definitions [referring to similar but not identical definitions] might appear to be fairly straightforward and understandable. That appearance belies two problems with defining plagiarism:  First, many persons are unaware of the technical definition of plagiarism.  Consequently, they perceive plagiarism to be only intentional, wholesale copying of large passages, and are oblivious to the fact that borrowed words, phrases and ideas are included in the definition . . .

Many writers labor under the mistaken impression that they are not plagiarizing when they 'paraphrase' by substituting their own words for selected ones in a lifted sentence, while retaining the basic thought, order, and syntax of the original . . . . [P]roper paraphrasing requires completely interpreting or translating a passage into different words . . . "

Comment, Plagiarism in Legal Scholarship, 15 Toledo L. Rev. 233, 235-36, 237-38 (1983) (emphasis provided).  For a discussion of plagiarism in education, see R.D. Mawdsley, Legal Aspects of Plagiarism (1985) (available in our library).

For more information concerning the school's policy on plagiarism, please consult your Student Handbook.  You are considered to be on notice of the Handbook's contents.